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The Fuggers... Darmstadt -
Der lange Ludwig
More Info from other authors  
 
A Special: The Fuggers: A Dynasty that started the money game...
 
 
Jakob Fugger financed the building of what we know of as Vatican City
So it turned out that Jakob Fugger financed the building of what we know of as Vatican City, this was the beginning of a major financial crisis for the Catholic Church.
http://remus.shidler.hawaii.edu/
genes/Bavaria/augsburgfugger/home.htm

Jakob Fugger played important roles in the unfolding of the protestant reformation. In this web page, I will discuss several key events. Click here for a short description of the Fugger family history.

The first question is why is a very wealthy banker involved in religion at all? It turns out that in the year 1500 the city of Rome and its Holy Places were in disrepair. This effected many things including the Papacy that was highly dependent of Pilgrims expenditures and donations for support. That is, in modern terms, Rome was highly dependent on religious tourism.

Pope Leo X (born Giovanni de' Medici, the second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, ruler of the Florentine republic) decided to renovate the old religious sites. This included building the modern St Peter's Cathedral, the Sistine Chapel and related buildings as well as the plaza in front of the Cathedral. To do this took skilled artists like Michelangelo and lots of money. And what better place for Leo to get money than from Jakob Fugger. So it turned out that Jakob Fugger financed the building of what we know of as Vatican City, this was the beginning of a major financial crisis for the Catholic Church.

The Pope needs to repay the loans to the Fuggers for the work on the Vatican: He is selling INDULGENCES
Of course, the Pope needed to repay the loans to Fugger. So Leo X did many things to gather the necessary funds. Leo squeezed all believers for funds, including the German people who were unhappy to fund things they might never see (taxation is never popular). And Leo sold high church offices to Princes who could pay the necessary money (between 1495 and 1520 88 of 110 bishoprics in Germany, Hungary, Poland and Scandinavia were appointed by Rome on the basis of Fugger money transfers). And Leo allowed the sale of indulgences not only for past sins as had been customary in the past but for future sins (so you could guarantee in advance that your planned affair would not lead to a painful afterlife). Dominican Friar Tetzel was the best known of the indulgence sellers. The Friar's most famous jingle was
"As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, a soul from Purgatory upward springs."

Source:
http://remus.shidler.hawaii.edu/genes/
Bavaria/augsburgfugger/home.htm
"As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, a soul from Purgatory upward springs."

Around 1520 there were many people both inside and outside the church concerned about financial and moral corruption of the church and her clergy. Bishop Rem of Augsburg and Cardinal Lang of Salzburg were two such concerned insider reformers. Martin Luther was an insider too (he was an Augustinian monk) and was concerned about all of the above too but especially about indulgences for future sins.
In October 1518 Luther was called to Augsburg by the Pope to meet with Papal Legate Cardinal Cajetan; the interview followed the meeting of the Diet of Augsburg. The meeting was at the newly completed Fugger residence in Augsburg.

Cardinal Cajetan told Luther to recant his many statements at odds with the Papacy's positions. It was a Jakob Fugger's house where Luther refused to recant. Click here for more on this story.

All this involved the Rem(us) / Fugger family in addition to the reformer Bishop Remus mentioned above. Wilhelm Rem, the well-known Augsburg chronicler , was a contemporary of Jakob and married Jakob's sister Wallburga Fugger. While Jakob sided with the Pope Leo X, Wilhelm did not side with Pope Leo X (I wonder what Wallburga though of all this). Georg Remus, the great grandson of Wilhelm Rem and Wallburga Fugger, became Vice Chancellor of the newly established Protestant Altdorf University and helped to codify the law in protestant Germany. Click here for more on this story.

 
 
 
The Fuggers financed the wars of the Hapsburgs
Fugger[foog´ur] German family of merchant princes. The foundation of their wealth was laid by Hans Fugger, allegedly a weaver, who moved to Augsburg in 1367. His descendants built up the family fortune by trade and banking. With Jacob Fugger II, 1459-1525, called Jacob the Rich, the house entered its zenith. The Fugger family owned extensive real estate, merchant fleets, and palatial establishments throughout Europe. Jacob's fortune was largely built on a virtual monopoly in the mining and trading of silver, copper, and mercury. Jacob Fugger II lent immense sums to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and helped secure the election (1519) of Charles V as Holy Roman emperor by bribing the electors. Charles ennobled the Fugger family and granted them sovereign rights over their lands, including that of coining their own money. Then the richest family in Europe, the Fuggers were generous patrons of the arts and learning and philanthropists, notably at Augsburg. Under Raymund Fugger, 1489-1535, and Anton Fugger, 1493-1560, the house reached the limits of its power and fortune. Its decline paralleled that of the Hapsburgs, whose wars the Fuggers financed. Several descendants were prominent, but, except for some real estate, little is left of the once fabulous wealth.
Source: http://remus.shidler.hawaii.edu/genes/Bavaria/augsburgfugger/fugger.htm
 
 

Cardinal Cajetan told Luther to recant his many statements at odds with the Papacy's positions. It was a Jakob Fugger's house where Luther refused to recant. Luther had to flee.

Cardinal Cajetan told Luther to recant his many statements at odds with the Papacy's positions. It was a Jakob Fugger's house where Luther refused to recant.



Click here for more on this story.
(Go to the Website Luther in Augsburg)

All this involved the Rem(us) / Fugger family in addition to the reformer Bishop Remus mentioned above. Wilhelm Rem, the well-known Augsburg chronicler , was a contemporary of Jakob and married Jakob's sister Wallburga Fugger. While Jakob sided with the Pope Leo X, Wilhelm did not side with Pope Leo X (I wonder what Wallburga though of all this). Georg Remus, the great grandson of Wilhelm Rem and Wallburga Fugger, became Vice Chancellor of the newly established Protestant Altdorf University and helped to codify the law in protestant Germany. Click here for more on this story.
 
Grandson of Wallburga Fugger helps to codify the law in protestant Germany
Georg Remus, the great grandson of Wilhelm Rem and Wallburga Fugger, became Vice Chancellor of the newly established Protestant Altdorf University and helped to codify the law in protestant Germany.
Georg Remus was a noted lawyer and academic that gained great fame is his time. He was from the Augsburg Rem(us) family but ended up at the University of Altdorf near Nuremberg . He was also instrumental in gaining university status for Altdorf. Ultimately he became the Vice Chancellor

http://remus.shidler.hawaii.edu/genes/Bavaria
/Altdorf/home.htm

Georg published many articles on law and philosophy. Georg's most famous work was co-authored with Holy Roman Emperor (Kaiser) Charles (Carl) V. It was a codification of German law. (University of Leipzig Library 02963475 Karl <Römisch-Deutsches Reich, Kaiser, V & Remus, Georg Carolina: Nemesis Karulina ) For more of the publications of Georgius, Click here . These were written in scholarly language of the prior millennium, Latin.

Georg Remus was not the only Remus to do academic writing (even when I do not including myself). Click here for a list of Remus publications from 1600 to 1900 . Also, Georg was not the only Rem(us) to attend Altdorf. Click here for a list of other Rem(us) family members attending Altdorf. Sadly, the University closed its doors in 1809.

You might note that much of the town was untouched by the war so many older buildings remain including the university building.
Click here for an old map of the town and old drawings and paintings.
Click here for a contemporary map of the town and contemporary pictures

 
Princess Eleonora Fugger von Babenhausen
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Princess_Eleonora_Fugger_von_Babenhausen

HSH Princess Eleonora Fugger von Babenhausen (October 4, 1864 in Bartenstein - March 1, 1945 in Vienna) was an Austrian socialite and chronicler of the Fugger family. She is also known as Nora Fugger in her autobiography.

She was born Princess zu Hohenlohe-Bartenstein und Jagstberg, the third child of Prince Carl zu Hohenlohe-Bartenstein und Jagstberg (1837-1877) and his wife Rosa Karoline née Countess von Sternberg (1836-1918). She had two elder siblings: Princess Marie (1861-1933) and Prince Johannes (1863-1921), who was married to Archduchess Anna Maria Theresia of Austria, a daughter of Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany and sister of Luise, Crown Princess of Saxony , in 1901.
 
Family and Senior Counsel
The Fugger family still lives in the Bavarian Administrative District of Swabia.
The representatives of the lines
Fugger-Babenhausen,
Fugger von Gloett and
Fugger-Kirchberg
form the

"Supervisory Board"
for the
Fugger Foundations
the

"Fuerstlich und Graeflich Fuggersche Familienseniorat".
 
In the family counsel at present are:

I. E. Maria Elisabeth Graefin Thun-Fugger
S. D. Hubertus Fuerst Fugger-Babenhausen
S. E. Albert Graf Fugger von Gloett
 
Fugger: The Official Website

http://www.fugger.de
/en/1_geschichte.htm


The name "Fugger" can be found today in history books and school books all over the world. The most famous member of this family was the Renaissance merchant, the mining industry businessman and banker Jakob Fugger the Rich (1459 to 1525)

The network of subsidiaries of the Fugger business empire spread out throughout Europe. The Fugger Company also traded with India, South America and Africa. The most famous customers were the various Popes, the emperors Maximilian I, Karl V and Ferdinand I of Habsburg, the kings of Germany, Spain and Portugal, England and Hungary as well as the Medici family of Florence. Under Anton Fugger, the nephew and successor to Jakob Fugger, the company assets reached their highest level in 1546.

In 1521 Jakob Fugger donated the now world famous "Fuggerei", the oldest social settlement in existence in the world, together with the Fugger Choir in Augsburg's Annakirche designed by Albrecht Duerer. Buildings and artistic works of the Fuggers can be found today in several countries of Europe. The most important sights to see in the Bavarian region of Swabia are in Augsburg the Fuggerei, the Fugger Chapel in the Annakirche, the Fugger houses (including the Ladies' Courtyard) and the Fugger Funereal Chapels in the Ulrich Basilica and in the areas around the Fugger Castles in Kirchheim and Babenhausen (both in Unterallgäu) and also the Thekla Church in Welden (Augsburg Rural District). Also in other places formerly under Fugger rule there are a number of extremely well designed churches of pilgrimage such as in Biberbach (Augsburg Rural District) or in Kirchhaslach (Unterallgäu Rural District).

 
 
The Fuggers Archive
Fugger Archive
The Fugger Archive in Dillingen holds documents for the family, the Fugger company and the various Fugger foundations. The oldest Fugger certificate originates from the year 1430. The archive is open by prior appointment for scientific and local culture research.

Fuerstlich und Graeflich
Fuggersches Familien- und Stiftungsarchiv
Ziegelstraße 29
89407 Dillingen a. d. Donau

http://www.fugger.de/
en/l2_fuggerarchiv.htm
 
More info on the Fuggers and background Information
 
http://www.fugger.de/de/gfx/pressebilder/az_12-09-09.jpg
 
German mercantile and banking dynasty that dominated European business in the 15th - 16th centuries. The family business traces its origins to Hans (Johannes) Fugger (1348 - 1409), a weaver in Augsburg.
http://www.answers.com/topic/fugger-family
Under his grandsons Ulrich (1441 - 1510), Georg (1453 - 1506), and especially Jakob (1459 - 1525), the company became established in international trade, including the lucrative spice and slave trades, and built a fortune in copper and silver mining. Their loans to various kings and emperors and involvement with the sale of papal indulgence s made family members highly influential in European politics and earned them the criticism of Martin Luther . The family's influence declined after the 16th century, but three titled lines survived into the 20th century.
Source:
http://www.answers.com/topic/fugger-family
 

Fugger, History
Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fugger
 
The County of Fugger
Map of Württemberg before the French Revolutionary Wars , showing the County of Fugger, with the Danube shown running through the centre of the image and the Iller forming the border between Württemberger lands (coloured) and Bavarian lands (non-coloured)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fugger
 
 
Der Spiegel (Mainstream Magazine!)
Geld!
Von den Fuggern zur Finanzkrise
Eine Chronik des Kapitals

Download here

Original here


http://www.fugger.de/de/
l5_presse_spiegel_2009.htm#23



 
Further Articles about the Fuggers in the Press

Weitere Presseartikel über die Fuggers
http://www.fugger.de
/de/l5_presse_spiegel_2009.htm#23
 
 
Stiftungen der Fuggers
http://www.fugger.de/de/l12_stiftungen.htm
 
Fuggerkapelle bei St. Anna (1509)

St.-Moritz-Prädikaturstiftung (1517)

Fuggerei (1521)

andmore


http://www.fugger.de/
de/l12_stiftungen.htm

 
Spitalstiftung Waltenhausen (1548)

http://www.fugger.de
/de/l12_stiftungen.htm

Förderung Betriebsangehöriger, Untertanen des Fuggerschen Hauses sowie bedürftiger Familienangehöriger

Am 31. Juli 1548 stiftete Anton Fugger das Spital in Waltenhausen. Es handelte sich um die einzige Spitalstiftung der Fugger. Ursprünglich für Augsburg gedacht, wurde sie in der Nähe des Lieblingssitzes Fuggers - bei Babenhausen - verwirklicht. Sie sollte rund 50 armen Pfründnern aus den Fuggerschen Besitzungen Heimat bieten. Je 25 Plätze waren für Männer, je 25 für Frauen bestimmt. Die Mittel stammten überwiegend aus dem Nachlass des 1537 verstorbenen Hieronymus Fugger.

Das Spital in Waltenhausen war auch insofern bemerkenswert, als erstmals verarmter Fuggerscher Familienmitglieder gedacht wurde: Hier sollten sie Zuflucht finden und ihre Kinder aus überschüssigen Mitteln unterstützt werden.

Das Spital wurde in den Zwanzigerjahren des 19. Jahrhunderts geschlossen, die Gebäude größtenteils abgetragen.

Mit der Stiftung dieses Spitals wurde zu einem frühen Zeitpunkt eine Einrichtung außerhalb der Reichsstadt Augsburg verwirklicht, die nicht für Augsburger Mitbürger der Fugger gedacht war, sondern für Bedürftige aus dem Bereich ihres stetig anwachsenden Grund- und Herrschaftsbesitzes.

 
 
Information about the Hapsburg Dynasty
King of Jerusalem
Otto von Habsburg:
Crown prince Otto of Austria
House of Habsburg-Lorraine

King of Jerusalem

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_von_Habsburg
 
Other Websites
1 english/american billion = 1 000 000 000
1 deutsche billion =       1 000 000 000 000
http://www.tf.uni-kiel.de/matwis/amat/mw1_ge/kap_2/basics/b2_1_3.html
 
Go Fug Yourself: Meet the fuggers......
http://gofugyourself.celebuzz.com/
meetthefuggers/
 

 

 

 
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